©2018 Mahoning Valley Water Inc.  Water Conservation Part I      Let's face it.  Most of us take water for granted.  We always assume we'll have enough.  Wrong!  Remember the drought we went through a few years ago?  We've had so much rain this year, it seems like we'll never run out of water.  Wrong again!  What if we experienced another drought or, God forbid. somehow our surface water became contaminated.  What would we do then?      The answer, of course, is to conserve our ground water resources as best we can.  Water conservation means using water resources in a non-wasteful way.  How many of us practice this?      Water conservation can also help us save money by lowering our water utility bills, our gas and electric bills are lowered because we're not continually heating the water or running water pumps., the costs of maintaining water treatment plants are reduced by lowering water demand plus the operating life of plants are extended, and the costs of developing expensive new water sources are eliminated. Where Does Our Water Go?      The water usage in our country breaks down as follows: Cooling water for power plants  45% Agriculture 34% Industry 13% Municipal/Domestic 8%      When we look at these figures we see that home usage is a very small part of the water being used.  Can you believe it, wrong again!  While power plants require a large volume of water for cooling, the water is not chemically changed.  The water is returned to rivers or lakes almost immediately, therefore their consumption is very low.  On the other hand, only 3 - 5% of water we use in our homes is actually consumed for drinking or cooking.  95% of the water we use is for transporting waste from the bathroom, kitchen and laundry, making our water usage almost entirely consumptive.  The actual amount of water we use mainly depends on our personal lifestyles and can depend on: The number of people in the family The cost of utility water The amount of local rainfall The extent of lawn and garden watering How often the washing machine is used Is there a swimming pool Does the family practice conservation There are other factors that can contribute to the amount of water we use, but these are the most important.      Most Americans use about 5 gallons of water per day in the house.  When you add the water we use outdoors, this number can rise to as much as 150 gallons of water per person per day.  The average water usage in the home breaks down as follows: Toilet Flushing 45% Bathing 30% Dishes and Laundry 20% Drinking and Cooking 5% Where Do I Start?      FIX THOSE LEAKS!!!  Did you know that a 1/32-inch opening at 40 psi pressure can waste 3000 to 6000 gallons of water a month?  To check for leaks, try the following: Use a few drops of food coloring in the toilet tank.  If color appears in the bowl without flushing the toilet, you have a leak.  The plunger ball probably needs to be cleansed or replaced. If you hear a trickling sound, the plunger ball may not be seated tightly into its space at the bottom of the tank.  Bend the connecting rod until the ball is tightly seated. If your flush handle sticks, have it adjusted or replaced. If water flows out of the vertical overflow tube, bend the float arm down to correct the problem. If the inlet valve does not shut off when the float arm is fully elevated, it may be worn out and need replacing. Replace washers on dripping faucets immediately. Check shut-off valves inside and outside yearly for leaks. Make sure all faucets are completely turned off.      If you have a water meter, try this final test:  before you go to bed, shut off all your water using appliances.  Check the lowest number on the water meter.  Before you use any water the next morning, check the meter again.  If the number has not changed, you are truly leak free. MAHONING VALLEY WATER